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Alectinib versus chemotherapy in crizotinib-pretreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: results from the phase III ALUR study.

Norske artikler - 14 min 42 sek siden

Alectinib versus chemotherapy in crizotinib-pretreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: results from the phase III ALUR study.

Ann Oncol. 2018 Apr 14;:

Authors: Novello S, Mazières J, Oh IJ, de Castro J, Migliorino MR, Helland Å, Dziadziuszko R, Griesinger F, Kotb A, Zeaiter A, Cardona A, Balas B, Johannsdottir HK, Das-Gupta A, Wolf J

Abstract
Background: This is the first trial to directly compare efficacy and safety of alectinib versus standard chemotherapy in advanced/metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who have progressed on, or were intolerant to, crizotinib.
Patients and methods: ALUR (MO29750; NCT02604342) was a randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase III trial of alectinib versus chemotherapy in advanced/metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive NSCLC patients previously treated with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy and crizotinib. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive alectinib 600 mg twice daily or chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 or docetaxel 75 mg/m2, both every 3 weeks) until disease progression, death, or withdrawal. Primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS).
Results: Altogether, 107 patients were randomized (alectinib, n=72; chemotherapy, n=35) in 13 countries across Europe and Asia. Median investigator-assessed PFS was 9.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.9-12.2) with alectinib and 1.4 months (95% CI: 1.3-1.6) with chemotherapy (hazard ratio 0.15 [95% CI: 0.08-0.29]; P<0.001). Independent Review Committee-assessed PFS was also significantly longer with alectinib (HR 0.32 [95% CI: 0.17-0.59]; median PFS was 7.1 months [95% CI: 6.3-10.8] with alectinib and 1.6 months [95% CI: 1.3-4.1] with chemotherapy). In patients with measurable baseline central nervous system (CNS) disease (alectinib, n=24; chemotherapy, n=16), CNS objective response rate was significantly higher with alectinib (54.2%) versus chemotherapy (0%; P<0.001). Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) were more common with chemotherapy (41.2%) than alectinib (27.1%). Incidence of AEs leading to study-drug discontinuation was lower with alectinib (5.7%) than chemotherapy (8.8%), despite alectinib treatment duration being longer (20.1 versus 6.0 weeks).
Conclusion: Alectinib significantly improved systemic and CNS efficacy versus chemotherapy for crizotinib-pretreated ALK-positive NSCLC patients, with a favorable safety profile.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02604342; Roche study MO29750.

PMID: 29668860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Alectinib versus chemotherapy in crizotinib-pretreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: results from the phase III ALUR study.

Norsk publikasjonsliste - 14 min 45 sek siden
Related Articles

Alectinib versus chemotherapy in crizotinib-pretreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: results from the phase III ALUR study.

Ann Oncol. 2018 Apr 14;:

Authors: Novello S, Mazières J, Oh IJ, de Castro J, Migliorino MR, Helland Å, Dziadziuszko R, Griesinger F, Kotb A, Zeaiter A, Cardona A, Balas B, Johannsdottir HK, Das-Gupta A, Wolf J

Abstract
Background: This is the first trial to directly compare efficacy and safety of alectinib versus standard chemotherapy in advanced/metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who have progressed on, or were intolerant to, crizotinib.
Patients and methods: ALUR (MO29750; NCT02604342) was a randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase III trial of alectinib versus chemotherapy in advanced/metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive NSCLC patients previously treated with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy and crizotinib. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive alectinib 600 mg twice daily or chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 or docetaxel 75 mg/m2, both every 3 weeks) until disease progression, death, or withdrawal. Primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS).
Results: Altogether, 107 patients were randomized (alectinib, n=72; chemotherapy, n=35) in 13 countries across Europe and Asia. Median investigator-assessed PFS was 9.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.9-12.2) with alectinib and 1.4 months (95% CI: 1.3-1.6) with chemotherapy (hazard ratio 0.15 [95% CI: 0.08-0.29]; P<0.001). Independent Review Committee-assessed PFS was also significantly longer with alectinib (HR 0.32 [95% CI: 0.17-0.59]; median PFS was 7.1 months [95% CI: 6.3-10.8] with alectinib and 1.6 months [95% CI: 1.3-4.1] with chemotherapy). In patients with measurable baseline central nervous system (CNS) disease (alectinib, n=24; chemotherapy, n=16), CNS objective response rate was significantly higher with alectinib (54.2%) versus chemotherapy (0%; P<0.001). Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) were more common with chemotherapy (41.2%) than alectinib (27.1%). Incidence of AEs leading to study-drug discontinuation was lower with alectinib (5.7%) than chemotherapy (8.8%), despite alectinib treatment duration being longer (20.1 versus 6.0 weeks).
Conclusion: Alectinib significantly improved systemic and CNS efficacy versus chemotherapy for crizotinib-pretreated ALK-positive NSCLC patients, with a favorable safety profile.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02604342; Roche study MO29750.

PMID: 29668860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Alectinib versus chemotherapy in crizotinib-pretreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: results from the phase III ALUR study.

Related Articles

Alectinib versus chemotherapy in crizotinib-pretreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: results from the phase III ALUR study.

Ann Oncol. 2018 Apr 14;:

Authors: Novello S, Mazières J, Oh IJ, de Castro J, Migliorino MR, Helland Å, Dziadziuszko R, Griesinger F, Kotb A, Zeaiter A, Cardona A, Balas B, Johannsdottir HK, Das-Gupta A, Wolf J

Abstract
Background: This is the first trial to directly compare efficacy and safety of alectinib versus standard chemotherapy in advanced/metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who have progressed on, or were intolerant to, crizotinib.
Patients and methods: ALUR (MO29750; NCT02604342) was a randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase III trial of alectinib versus chemotherapy in advanced/metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive NSCLC patients previously treated with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy and crizotinib. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive alectinib 600 mg twice daily or chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 or docetaxel 75 mg/m2, both every 3 weeks) until disease progression, death, or withdrawal. Primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS).
Results: Altogether, 107 patients were randomized (alectinib, n=72; chemotherapy, n=35) in 13 countries across Europe and Asia. Median investigator-assessed PFS was 9.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.9-12.2) with alectinib and 1.4 months (95% CI: 1.3-1.6) with chemotherapy (hazard ratio 0.15 [95% CI: 0.08-0.29]; P<0.001). Independent Review Committee-assessed PFS was also significantly longer with alectinib (HR 0.32 [95% CI: 0.17-0.59]; median PFS was 7.1 months [95% CI: 6.3-10.8] with alectinib and 1.6 months [95% CI: 1.3-4.1] with chemotherapy). In patients with measurable baseline central nervous system (CNS) disease (alectinib, n=24; chemotherapy, n=16), CNS objective response rate was significantly higher with alectinib (54.2%) versus chemotherapy (0%; P<0.001). Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) were more common with chemotherapy (41.2%) than alectinib (27.1%). Incidence of AEs leading to study-drug discontinuation was lower with alectinib (5.7%) than chemotherapy (8.8%), despite alectinib treatment duration being longer (20.1 versus 6.0 weeks).
Conclusion: Alectinib significantly improved systemic and CNS efficacy versus chemotherapy for crizotinib-pretreated ALK-positive NSCLC patients, with a favorable safety profile.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02604342; Roche study MO29750.

PMID: 29668860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Pembrolizumab plus Chemotherapy in Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Lungekreft i JCO, NEJM eller The Lancet - fre, 04/20/2018 - 14:00
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Pembrolizumab plus Chemotherapy in Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 16;:

Authors: Gandhi L, Rodríguez-Abreu D, Gadgeel S, Esteban E, Felip E, De Angelis F, Domine M, Clingan P, Hochmair MJ, Powell SF, Cheng SY, Bischoff HG, Peled N, Grossi F, Jennens RR, Reck M, Hui R, Garon EB, Boyer M, Rubio-Viqueira B, Novello S, Kurata T, Gray JE, Vida J, Wei Z, Yang J, Raftopoulos H, Pietanza MC, Garassino MC, KEYNOTE-189 Investigators

Abstract
Background First-line therapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that lacks targetable mutations is platinum-based chemotherapy. Among patients with a tumor proportion score for programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) of 50% or greater, pembrolizumab has replaced cytotoxic chemotherapy as the first-line treatment of choice. The addition of pembrolizumab to chemotherapy resulted in significantly higher rates of response and longer progression-free survival than chemotherapy alone in a phase 2 trial. Methods In this double-blind, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned (in a 2:1 ratio) 616 patients with metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC without sensitizing EGFR or ALK mutations who had received no previous treatment for metastatic disease to receive pemetrexed and a platinum-based drug plus either 200 mg of pembrolizumab or placebo every 3 weeks for 4 cycles, followed by pembrolizumab or placebo for up to a total of 35 cycles plus pemetrexed maintenance therapy. Crossover to pembrolizumab monotherapy was permitted among the patients in the placebo-combination group who had verified disease progression. The primary end points were overall survival and progression-free survival, as assessed by blinded, independent central radiologic review. Results After a median follow-up of 10.5 months, the estimated rate of overall survival at 12 months was 69.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 64.1 to 73.8) in the pembrolizumab-combination group versus 49.4% (95% CI, 42.1 to 56.2) in the placebo-combination group (hazard ratio for death, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.64; P<0.001). Improvement in overall survival was seen across all PD-L1 categories that were evaluated. Median progression-free survival was 8.8 months (95% CI, 7.6 to 9.2) in the pembrolizumab-combination group and 4.9 months (95% CI, 4.7 to 5.5) in the placebo-combination group (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.64; P<0.001). Adverse events of grade 3 or higher occurred in 67.2% of the patients in the pembrolizumab-combination group and in 65.8% of those in the placebo-combination group. Conclusions In patients with previously untreated metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC without EGFR or ALK mutations, the addition of pembrolizumab to standard chemotherapy of pemetrexed and a platinum-based drug resulted in significantly longer overall survival and progression-free survival than chemotherapy alone. (Funded by Merck; KEYNOTE-189 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02578680 .).

PMID: 29658856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Neoadjuvant PD-1 Blockade in Resectable Lung Cancer.

Lungekreft i JCO, NEJM eller The Lancet - fre, 04/20/2018 - 14:00
Related Articles

Neoadjuvant PD-1 Blockade in Resectable Lung Cancer.

N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 16;:

Authors: Forde PM, Chaft JE, Smith KN, Anagnostou V, Cottrell TR, Hellmann MD, Zahurak M, Yang SC, Jones DR, Broderick S, Battafarano RJ, Velez MJ, Rekhtman N, Olah Z, Naidoo J, Marrone KA, Verde F, Guo H, Zhang J, Caushi JX, Chan HY, Sidhom JW, Scharpf RB, White J, Gabrielson E, Wang H, Rosner GL, Rusch V, Wolchok JD, Merghoub T, Taube JM, Velculescu VE, Topalian SL, Brahmer JR, Pardoll DM

Abstract
Background Antibodies that block programmed death 1 (PD-1) protein improve survival in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but have not been tested in resectable NSCLC, a condition in which little progress has been made during the past decade. Methods In this pilot study, we administered two preoperative doses of PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab in adults with untreated, surgically resectable early (stage I, II, or IIIA) NSCLC. Nivolumab (at a dose of 3 mg per kilogram of body weight) was administered intravenously every 2 weeks, with surgery planned approximately 4 weeks after the first dose. The primary end points of the study were safety and feasibility. We also evaluated the tumor pathological response, expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), mutational burden, and mutation-associated, neoantigen-specific T-cell responses. Results Neoadjuvant nivolumab had an acceptable side-effect profile and was not associated with delays in surgery. Of the 21 tumors that were removed, 20 were completely resected. A major pathological response occurred in 9 of 20 resected tumors (45%). Responses occurred in both PD-L1-positive and PD-L1-negative tumors. There was a significant correlation between the pathological response and the pretreatment tumor mutational burden. The number of T-cell clones that were found in both the tumor and peripheral blood increased systemically after PD-1 blockade in eight of nine patients who were evaluated. Mutation-associated, neoantigen-specific T-cell clones from a primary tumor with a complete response on pathological assessment rapidly expanded in peripheral blood at 2 to 4 weeks after treatment; some of these clones were not detected before the administration of nivolumab. Conclusions Neoadjuvant nivolumab was associated with few side effects, did not delay surgery, and induced a major pathological response in 45% of resected tumors. The tumor mutational burden was predictive of the pathological response to PD-1 blockade. Treatment induced expansion of mutation-associated, neoantigen-specific T-cell clones in peripheral blood. (Funded by Cancer Research Institute-Stand Up 2 Cancer and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02259621 .).

PMID: 29658848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Nivolumab plus Ipilimumab in Lung Cancer with a High Tumor Mutational Burden.

Lungekreft i JCO, NEJM eller The Lancet - fre, 04/20/2018 - 14:00
Related Articles

Nivolumab plus Ipilimumab in Lung Cancer with a High Tumor Mutational Burden.

N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 16;:

Authors: Hellmann MD, Ciuleanu TE, Pluzanski A, Lee JS, Otterson GA, Audigier-Valette C, Minenza E, Linardou H, Burgers S, Salman P, Borghaei H, Ramalingam SS, Brahmer J, Reck M, O'Byrne KJ, Geese WJ, Green G, Chang H, Szustakowski J, Bhagavatheeswaran P, Healey D, Fu Y, Nathan F, Paz-Ares L

Abstract
Background Nivolumab plus ipilimumab showed promising efficacy for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a phase 1 trial, and tumor mutational burden has emerged as a potential biomarker of benefit. In this part of an open-label, multipart, phase 3 trial, we examined progression-free survival with nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus chemotherapy among patients with a high tumor mutational burden (≥10 mutations per megabase). Methods We enrolled patients with stage IV or recurrent NSCLC that was not previously treated with chemotherapy. Those with a level of tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression of at least 1% were randomly assigned, in a 1:1:1 ratio, to receive nivolumab plus ipilimumab, nivolumab monotherapy, or chemotherapy; those with a tumor PD-L1 expression level of less than 1% were randomly assigned, in a 1:1:1 ratio, to receive nivolumab plus ipilimumab, nivolumab plus chemotherapy, or chemotherapy. Tumor mutational burden was determined by the FoundationOne CDx assay. Results Progression-free survival among patients with a high tumor mutational burden was significantly longer with nivolumab plus ipilimumab than with chemotherapy. The 1-year progression-free survival rate was 42.6% with nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus 13.2% with chemotherapy, and the median progression-free survival was 7.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.5 to 13.2) versus 5.5 months (95% CI, 4.4 to 5.8) (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.58; 97.5% CI, 0.41 to 0.81; P<0.001). The objective response rate was 45.3% with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and 26.9% with chemotherapy. The benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab over chemotherapy was broadly consistent within subgroups, including patients with a PD-L1 expression level of at least 1% and those with a level of less than 1%. The rate of grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse events was 31.2% with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and 36.1% with chemotherapy. Conclusions Progression-free survival was significantly longer with first-line nivolumab plus ipilimumab than with chemotherapy among patients with NSCLC and a high tumor mutational burden, irrespective of PD-L1 expression level. The results validate the benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in NSCLC and the role of tumor mutational burden as a biomarker for patient selection. (Funded by Bristol-Myers Squibb and Ono Pharmaceutical; CheckMate 227 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02477826 .).

PMID: 29658845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

A multi-omic study reveals BTG2 as a reliable prognostic marker for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

Norske artikler - tor, 04/19/2018 - 09:30

A multi-omic study reveals BTG2 as a reliable prognostic marker for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

Mol Oncol. 2018 Apr 15;:

Authors: Shen S, Zhang R, Guo Y, Loehrer E, Wei Y, Zhu Y, Yuan Q, Moran S, Fleischer T, Bjaanaes MM, Karlsson A, Planck M, Staaf J, Helland Å, Esteller M, Su L, Chen F, Christiani DC

Abstract
B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) is a tumor suppressor protein and is known to be downregulated in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated a potential role for BTG2 in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survival. We analysed BTG2 methylation data from 1,230 early-stage NSCLC patients from five international cohorts, as well as gene expression data from 3,038 lung cancer cases from multiple cohorts. Three CpG probes (cg01798157, cg06373167, cg23371584) that detected BTG2 hypermethylation in tumor tissues were associated with lower overall survival. The prognostic model based on methylation could distinguish patient survival in the four cohorts [hazard ratio (HR) range, 1.51 to 2.21] and the independent validation set (HR = 1.85). In the expression analysis, BTG2 expression positively correlated with survival in each cohort (HR range, 0.28 to 0.68), which we confirmed with meta-analysis (HR = 0.61, 95%CI: 0.54-0.68). The three CpG probes all negatively correlated with BTG2 expression. Importantly, an integrative model of BTG2 methylation, expression and clinical information showed better predictive ability in the training set and validation set. In conclusion, the methylation and integrated prognostic signatures based on BTG2 are stable and reliable biomarkers for early-stage NSCLC. They may have new applications for appropriate clinical adjuvant trials and personalized treatments in the future.

PMID: 29656435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

A multi-omic study reveals BTG2 as a reliable prognostic marker for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

Norsk publikasjonsliste - tor, 04/19/2018 - 09:30

A multi-omic study reveals BTG2 as a reliable prognostic marker for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

Mol Oncol. 2018 Apr 15;:

Authors: Shen S, Zhang R, Guo Y, Loehrer E, Wei Y, Zhu Y, Yuan Q, Moran S, Fleischer T, Bjaanaes MM, Karlsson A, Planck M, Staaf J, Helland Å, Esteller M, Su L, Chen F, Christiani DC

Abstract
B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) is a tumor suppressor protein and is known to be downregulated in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated a potential role for BTG2 in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survival. We analysed BTG2 methylation data from 1,230 early-stage NSCLC patients from five international cohorts, as well as gene expression data from 3,038 lung cancer cases from multiple cohorts. Three CpG probes (cg01798157, cg06373167, cg23371584) that detected BTG2 hypermethylation in tumor tissues were associated with lower overall survival. The prognostic model based on methylation could distinguish patient survival in the four cohorts [hazard ratio (HR) range, 1.51 to 2.21] and the independent validation set (HR = 1.85). In the expression analysis, BTG2 expression positively correlated with survival in each cohort (HR range, 0.28 to 0.68), which we confirmed with meta-analysis (HR = 0.61, 95%CI: 0.54-0.68). The three CpG probes all negatively correlated with BTG2 expression. Importantly, an integrative model of BTG2 methylation, expression and clinical information showed better predictive ability in the training set and validation set. In conclusion, the methylation and integrated prognostic signatures based on BTG2 are stable and reliable biomarkers for early-stage NSCLC. They may have new applications for appropriate clinical adjuvant trials and personalized treatments in the future.

PMID: 29656435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

A multi-omic study reveals BTG2 as a reliable prognostic marker for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

A multi-omic study reveals BTG2 as a reliable prognostic marker for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

Mol Oncol. 2018 Apr 15;:

Authors: Shen S, Zhang R, Guo Y, Loehrer E, Wei Y, Zhu Y, Yuan Q, Moran S, Fleischer T, Bjaanaes MM, Karlsson A, Planck M, Staaf J, Helland Å, Esteller M, Su L, Chen F, Christiani DC

Abstract
B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) is a tumor suppressor protein and is known to be downregulated in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated a potential role for BTG2 in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survival. We analysed BTG2 methylation data from 1,230 early-stage NSCLC patients from five international cohorts, as well as gene expression data from 3,038 lung cancer cases from multiple cohorts. Three CpG probes (cg01798157, cg06373167, cg23371584) that detected BTG2 hypermethylation in tumor tissues were associated with lower overall survival. The prognostic model based on methylation could distinguish patient survival in the four cohorts [hazard ratio (HR) range, 1.51 to 2.21] and the independent validation set (HR = 1.85). In the expression analysis, BTG2 expression positively correlated with survival in each cohort (HR range, 0.28 to 0.68), which we confirmed with meta-analysis (HR = 0.61, 95%CI: 0.54-0.68). The three CpG probes all negatively correlated with BTG2 expression. Importantly, an integrative model of BTG2 methylation, expression and clinical information showed better predictive ability in the training set and validation set. In conclusion, the methylation and integrated prognostic signatures based on BTG2 are stable and reliable biomarkers for early-stage NSCLC. They may have new applications for appropriate clinical adjuvant trials and personalized treatments in the future.

PMID: 29656435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Expression of Estrogen Receptor-α and Survival in Advanced-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Norske artikler - man, 04/16/2018 - 12:00
Related Articles

Expression of Estrogen Receptor-α and Survival in Advanced-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Anticancer Res. 2018 04;38(4):2261-2269

Authors: Lund-Iversen M, Scott H, Strøm EH, Theiss N, Brustugun OT, Grønberg BH

Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIM: The favorable prognosis of women with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to men might be explained by sex hormone-related mechanisms. We investigated whether this observation could be explained by the expression of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) in tumor tissue.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archived, formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tumor tissue samples were retrospectively analyzed for nuclear expression of ER-α with immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: Biopsies from 222 patients were analyzed. Twenty-three percent were ER-α positive. Fifty-four percent of the patients were men and 46% of the tumors were adenocarcinomas. One hundred-nine (49%) patients received pemetrexed and carboplatin and 113 (51%) received gemcitabine and carboplatin. Females with ER-α positive tumors who received PC had a substantial survival benefit over all other groups (20 vs. 4.6 months; p=0.003).
CONCLUSION: ER-α is an independent prognostic factor in advanced NSCLC and might also be a predictive factor for response to pemetrexed/carboplatin in women.

PMID: 29599348 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

First-line ceritinib versus platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (ASCEND-4): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study.

Lungekreft i JCO, NEJM eller The Lancet - man, 04/16/2018 - 12:00
Related Articles

First-line ceritinib versus platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (ASCEND-4): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study.

Lancet. 2017 03 04;389(10072):917-929

Authors: Soria JC, Tan DSW, Chiari R, Wu YL, Paz-Ares L, Wolf J, Geater SL, Orlov S, Cortinovis D, Yu CJ, Hochmair M, Cortot AB, Tsai CM, Moro-Sibilot D, Campelo RG, McCulloch T, Sen P, Dugan M, Pantano S, Branle F, Massacesi C, de Castro G

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ceritinib in patients with untreated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not known. We assessed the efficacy and safety of ceritinib versus platinum-based chemotherapy in these patients.
METHODS: This randomised, open-label, phase 3 study in untreated patients with stage IIIB/IV ALK-rearranged non-squamous NSCLC was done in 134 centres across 28 countries. Eligible patients were assigned via interactive response technology to oral ceritinib 750 mg/day or platinum-based chemotherapy ([cisplatin 75 mg/m2 or carboplatin AUC 5-6 plus pemetrexed 500 mg/m2] every 3 weeks for four cycles followed by maintenance pemetrexed); randomisation was stratified by World Health Organization performance status (0 vs 1-2), previous neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, and presence of brain metastases as per investigator's assessment at screening. Investigators and patients were not masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was blinded independent review committee assessed progression-free survival, based on all randomly assigned patients (the full analysis set). Efficacy analyses were done based on the full analysis set. All safety analyses were done based on the safety set, which included all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01828099.
FINDINGS: Between Aug 19, 2013, and May 11, 2015, 376 patients were randomly assigned to ceritinib (n=189) or chemotherapy (n=187). Median progression-free survival (as assessed by blinded independent review committee) was 16·6 months (95% CI 12·6-27·2) in the ceritinib group and 8·1 months (5·8-11·1) in the chemotherapy group (hazard ratio 0·55 [95% CI 0·42-0·73]; p<0·00001). The most common adverse events were diarrhoea (in 160 [85%] of 189 patients), nausea (130 [69%]), vomiting (125 [66%]), and an increase in alanine aminotransferase (114 [60%]) in the ceritinib group and nausea (in 97 [55%] of 175 patients), vomiting (63 [36%]), and anaemia (62 [35%]) in the chemotherapy group.
INTERPRETATION: First-line ceritinib showed a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in progression-free survival versus chemotherapy in patients with advanced ALK-rearranged NSCLC.
FUNDING: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.

PMID: 28126333 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Expression of Estrogen Receptor-α and Survival in Advanced-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Norsk publikasjonsliste - man, 04/16/2018 - 12:00
Related Articles

Expression of Estrogen Receptor-α and Survival in Advanced-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Anticancer Res. 2018 04;38(4):2261-2269

Authors: Lund-Iversen M, Scott H, Strøm EH, Theiss N, Brustugun OT, Grønberg BH

Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIM: The favorable prognosis of women with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to men might be explained by sex hormone-related mechanisms. We investigated whether this observation could be explained by the expression of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) in tumor tissue.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archived, formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tumor tissue samples were retrospectively analyzed for nuclear expression of ER-α with immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: Biopsies from 222 patients were analyzed. Twenty-three percent were ER-α positive. Fifty-four percent of the patients were men and 46% of the tumors were adenocarcinomas. One hundred-nine (49%) patients received pemetrexed and carboplatin and 113 (51%) received gemcitabine and carboplatin. Females with ER-α positive tumors who received PC had a substantial survival benefit over all other groups (20 vs. 4.6 months; p=0.003).
CONCLUSION: ER-α is an independent prognostic factor in advanced NSCLC and might also be a predictive factor for response to pemetrexed/carboplatin in women.

PMID: 29599348 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Expression of Estrogen Receptor-α and Survival in Advanced-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Related Articles

Expression of Estrogen Receptor-α and Survival in Advanced-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Anticancer Res. 2018 04;38(4):2261-2269

Authors: Lund-Iversen M, Scott H, Strøm EH, Theiss N, Brustugun OT, Grønberg BH

Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIM: The favorable prognosis of women with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to men might be explained by sex hormone-related mechanisms. We investigated whether this observation could be explained by the expression of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) in tumor tissue.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archived, formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tumor tissue samples were retrospectively analyzed for nuclear expression of ER-α with immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: Biopsies from 222 patients were analyzed. Twenty-three percent were ER-α positive. Fifty-four percent of the patients were men and 46% of the tumors were adenocarcinomas. One hundred-nine (49%) patients received pemetrexed and carboplatin and 113 (51%) received gemcitabine and carboplatin. Females with ER-α positive tumors who received PC had a substantial survival benefit over all other groups (20 vs. 4.6 months; p=0.003).
CONCLUSION: ER-α is an independent prognostic factor in advanced NSCLC and might also be a predictive factor for response to pemetrexed/carboplatin in women.

PMID: 29599348 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Epigenetic modifications in KDM lysine demethylases associate with survival of early-stage NSCLC.

Norske artikler - fre, 04/13/2018 - 09:30
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Epigenetic modifications in KDM lysine demethylases associate with survival of early-stage NSCLC.

Clin Epigenetics. 2018;10:41

Authors: Wei Y, Liang J, Zhang R, Guo Y, Shen S, Su L, Lin X, Moran S, Helland Å, Bjaanæs MM, Karlsson A, Planck M, Esteller M, Fleischer T, Staaf J, Zhao Y, Chen F, Christiani DC

Abstract
Background: KDM lysine demethylase family members are related to lung cancer clinical outcomes and are potential biomarkers for chemotherapeutics. However, little is known about epigenetic alterations in KDM genes and their roles in lung cancer survival.
Methods: Tumor tissue samples of 1230 early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were collected from the five independent cohorts. The 393 methylation sites in KDM genes were extracted from epigenome-wide datasets and analyzed by weighted random forest (Ranger) in discovery phase and validation dataset, respectively. The variable importance scores (VIS) for the sites in top 5% of both discovery and validation sets were carried forward for Cox regression to further evaluate the association with patient's overall survival. TCGA transcriptomic data were used to evaluate the correlation with the corresponding DNA methylation.
Results: DNA methylation at sites cg11637544 in KDM2A and cg26662347 in KDM1A were in the top 5% of VIS in both discovery phase and validation for squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), which were also significantly associated with SCC survival (HRcg11637544 = 1.32, 95%CI, 1.16-1.50, P = 1.1 × 10-4; HRcg26662347 = 1.88, 95%CI, 1.37-2.60, P = 3.7 × 10-3), and correlated with corresponding gene expression (cg11637544 for KDM2A, P = 1.3 × 10-10; cg26662347 for KDM1A P = 1.5 × 10-5). In addition, by using flexible criteria for Ranger analysis followed by survival classification tree analysis, we identified four clusters for adenocarcinomas and five clusters for squamous cell carcinomas which showed a considerable difference of clinical outcomes with statistical significance.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the association between somatic DNA methylation in KDM genes and early-stage NSCLC patient survival, which may reveal potential epigenetic therapeutic targets.

PMID: 29619118 [PubMed - in process]

Epigenetic modifications in KDM lysine demethylases associate with survival of early-stage NSCLC.

Norsk publikasjonsliste - fre, 04/13/2018 - 09:30
Related Articles

Epigenetic modifications in KDM lysine demethylases associate with survival of early-stage NSCLC.

Clin Epigenetics. 2018;10:41

Authors: Wei Y, Liang J, Zhang R, Guo Y, Shen S, Su L, Lin X, Moran S, Helland Å, Bjaanæs MM, Karlsson A, Planck M, Esteller M, Fleischer T, Staaf J, Zhao Y, Chen F, Christiani DC

Abstract
Background: KDM lysine demethylase family members are related to lung cancer clinical outcomes and are potential biomarkers for chemotherapeutics. However, little is known about epigenetic alterations in KDM genes and their roles in lung cancer survival.
Methods: Tumor tissue samples of 1230 early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were collected from the five independent cohorts. The 393 methylation sites in KDM genes were extracted from epigenome-wide datasets and analyzed by weighted random forest (Ranger) in discovery phase and validation dataset, respectively. The variable importance scores (VIS) for the sites in top 5% of both discovery and validation sets were carried forward for Cox regression to further evaluate the association with patient's overall survival. TCGA transcriptomic data were used to evaluate the correlation with the corresponding DNA methylation.
Results: DNA methylation at sites cg11637544 in KDM2A and cg26662347 in KDM1A were in the top 5% of VIS in both discovery phase and validation for squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), which were also significantly associated with SCC survival (HRcg11637544 = 1.32, 95%CI, 1.16-1.50, P = 1.1 × 10-4; HRcg26662347 = 1.88, 95%CI, 1.37-2.60, P = 3.7 × 10-3), and correlated with corresponding gene expression (cg11637544 for KDM2A, P = 1.3 × 10-10; cg26662347 for KDM1A P = 1.5 × 10-5). In addition, by using flexible criteria for Ranger analysis followed by survival classification tree analysis, we identified four clusters for adenocarcinomas and five clusters for squamous cell carcinomas which showed a considerable difference of clinical outcomes with statistical significance.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the association between somatic DNA methylation in KDM genes and early-stage NSCLC patient survival, which may reveal potential epigenetic therapeutic targets.

PMID: 29619118 [PubMed - in process]

Epigenetic modifications in KDM lysine demethylases associate with survival of early-stage NSCLC.

Related Articles

Epigenetic modifications in KDM lysine demethylases associate with survival of early-stage NSCLC.

Clin Epigenetics. 2018;10:41

Authors: Wei Y, Liang J, Zhang R, Guo Y, Shen S, Su L, Lin X, Moran S, Helland Å, Bjaanæs MM, Karlsson A, Planck M, Esteller M, Fleischer T, Staaf J, Zhao Y, Chen F, Christiani DC

Abstract
Background: KDM lysine demethylase family members are related to lung cancer clinical outcomes and are potential biomarkers for chemotherapeutics. However, little is known about epigenetic alterations in KDM genes and their roles in lung cancer survival.
Methods: Tumor tissue samples of 1230 early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were collected from the five independent cohorts. The 393 methylation sites in KDM genes were extracted from epigenome-wide datasets and analyzed by weighted random forest (Ranger) in discovery phase and validation dataset, respectively. The variable importance scores (VIS) for the sites in top 5% of both discovery and validation sets were carried forward for Cox regression to further evaluate the association with patient's overall survival. TCGA transcriptomic data were used to evaluate the correlation with the corresponding DNA methylation.
Results: DNA methylation at sites cg11637544 in KDM2A and cg26662347 in KDM1A were in the top 5% of VIS in both discovery phase and validation for squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), which were also significantly associated with SCC survival (HRcg11637544 = 1.32, 95%CI, 1.16-1.50, P = 1.1 × 10-4; HRcg26662347 = 1.88, 95%CI, 1.37-2.60, P = 3.7 × 10-3), and correlated with corresponding gene expression (cg11637544 for KDM2A, P = 1.3 × 10-10; cg26662347 for KDM1A P = 1.5 × 10-5). In addition, by using flexible criteria for Ranger analysis followed by survival classification tree analysis, we identified four clusters for adenocarcinomas and five clusters for squamous cell carcinomas which showed a considerable difference of clinical outcomes with statistical significance.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the association between somatic DNA methylation in KDM genes and early-stage NSCLC patient survival, which may reveal potential epigenetic therapeutic targets.

PMID: 29619118 [PubMed - in process]

First-line treatment options for ALK-rearranged lung cancer.

Lungekreft i JCO, NEJM eller The Lancet - tir, 04/10/2018 - 08:00
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First-line treatment options for ALK-rearranged lung cancer.

Lancet. 2017 03 04;389(10072):884-886

Authors: Solomon B

PMID: 28126330 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Implementation of lung cancer CT screening in the Nordic countries.

Norske artikler - fre, 04/06/2018 - 14:00
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Implementation of lung cancer CT screening in the Nordic countries.

Acta Oncol. 2017 Oct;56(10):1249-1257

Authors: Pedersen JH, Sørensen JB, Saghir Z, Fløtten Ø, Brustugun OT, Ashraf H, Strand TE, Friesland S, Koyi H, Ek L, Nyrén S, Bergman P, Jekunen A, Nieminen EM, Gudbjartsson T

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: We review the current knowledge of CT screening for lung cancer and present an expert-based, joint protocol for the proper implementation of screening in the Nordic countries.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experts representing all the Nordic countries performed literature review and concensus for a joint protocol for lung cancer screening.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Areas of concern and caution are presented and discussed. We suggest to perform CT screening pilot studies in the Nordic countries in order to gain experience and develop specific and safe protocols for the implementation of such a program.

PMID: 28571524 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Implementation of lung cancer CT screening in the Nordic countries.

Norsk publikasjonsliste - fre, 04/06/2018 - 14:00
Related Articles

Implementation of lung cancer CT screening in the Nordic countries.

Acta Oncol. 2017 Oct;56(10):1249-1257

Authors: Pedersen JH, Sørensen JB, Saghir Z, Fløtten Ø, Brustugun OT, Ashraf H, Strand TE, Friesland S, Koyi H, Ek L, Nyrén S, Bergman P, Jekunen A, Nieminen EM, Gudbjartsson T

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: We review the current knowledge of CT screening for lung cancer and present an expert-based, joint protocol for the proper implementation of screening in the Nordic countries.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experts representing all the Nordic countries performed literature review and concensus for a joint protocol for lung cancer screening.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Areas of concern and caution are presented and discussed. We suggest to perform CT screening pilot studies in the Nordic countries in order to gain experience and develop specific and safe protocols for the implementation of such a program.

PMID: 28571524 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Implementation of lung cancer CT screening in the Nordic countries.

Related Articles

Implementation of lung cancer CT screening in the Nordic countries.

Acta Oncol. 2017 Oct;56(10):1249-1257

Authors: Pedersen JH, Sørensen JB, Saghir Z, Fløtten Ø, Brustugun OT, Ashraf H, Strand TE, Friesland S, Koyi H, Ek L, Nyrén S, Bergman P, Jekunen A, Nieminen EM, Gudbjartsson T

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: We review the current knowledge of CT screening for lung cancer and present an expert-based, joint protocol for the proper implementation of screening in the Nordic countries.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experts representing all the Nordic countries performed literature review and concensus for a joint protocol for lung cancer screening.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Areas of concern and caution are presented and discussed. We suggest to perform CT screening pilot studies in the Nordic countries in order to gain experience and develop specific and safe protocols for the implementation of such a program.

PMID: 28571524 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]